Friday, March 18, 2011
Clara Wieck Schumann(1819-1896), German pianist and composer, wife of Robert Schumann, student of her father, Friedrick Wieck. She made her debut at the age of 8, at the age of 11 she left on a concert tour of Paris and other European cities with her father. She was praised by Beethoven, Paganini, Chopin. She was considered one of the most distingusihed pianists of the Romantic Era. She married Robert Schumann despite her father's objection. After Robert's death(1856) she devoted herself principally to the interpretation of his works. She composed piano sonatas, piano pieces, and cadenzas for concertos of Mozart(1) and Beethoven(2).
Robert Schumann(1810-1856), German composer, aesthete and influential music critic. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most representative composers of the Romantic era. He started to take piano lesson early, later entered school to study law, but returned to music and studied piano with Friedrick Wieck. He received few tokens of honor; he was awarded a doctoral degree by the University of Jena in 1840, and in 1843 a professorship in the Leipzig Conservatory of Music which was founded by Mendelssohn in that year. In 1838 he married Clara Wieck, daughter of his teacher.
He composed 4 symphonies, orchestral music, concertos(piano, violin, cello), chamber music and piano pieces.